What is an appliance?
Appliances help to treat patients with a variety of orthodontic challenges and in some cases can help to accelerate the process of treatment. Some appliances, like retainers, are used to reinforce treatment that's already been completed, while others, like expanders are used to jaw structure. At Braceland, we make use of a wide range of appliances to meet the diverse and unique needs of every patient. Click on the appliances below to learn more about their uses:
An archwire is a metal wire which is attached to tooth-mounted brackets. Special adjustments in the archwire help to move and align teeth.
A biteplate is a removable appliance similar to a removable or fixed retainer that is used to correct a "deep bite" or "cross bite" problem.
A bracket is a small, metal or ceramic module attached to an individual tooth. An archwire runs through a series of brackets to guide and re-align the teeth into place.
A stretchable chain, made of plastic, may be used to hold archwires in place or to help close spaces in-between teeth.
An expander is built with a palatal expansion screw whose arms are soldered to wire framework. The expander is a way to help widen a narrow upper jaw.
A fixed retainer consists of a metal wire bonded to the back of the teeth. Fixed retainers can stay in place indefinitely, when properly maintained.
A Forsus appliance is affixed to the teeth. Springs mounted to the side force the lower jaw forward when closed, thus restraining the bite and correcting an overbite problem.
A Hawley retainer is usually prescribed after braces are removed. The retainer attaches to the upper and/or lower teeth and holds them in place so that treatment remains permanent.
A headgear appliance is worn to restrict growth of the upper jaw and improve overbite type issues. Usually, it consists of a facebow attached to the teeth and a head or neck strap.
A Herbst appliance is a fixed appliance with pistons and bands which are cemented to the back teeth. The lower jaw is forced forward and molars are realigned to correct overbite problems.
Invisalign® treatment consists of a series of clear, removable teeth aligners that can be used as an alternative to metal braces.
A lingual arch is an orthodontic device which connects two molars in the upper or lower dental arch.
A molar band is a metal ring which fits around a molar or premolar tooth. These bands can be used to help mount different parts of treatment appliances.
A Nance appliance is used to hold teeth in position to allow for the movement of other teeth. Force is typically applied to the back molars.
An O-tie is a small, donut-shaped, plastic module used to hold the archwire to the brackets. Colors can be chosen by the patient if they wish to customize the appearance of their braces.
A palatal expander is used to widen the upper jaw so that the upper and lower teeth will fit better, together.
Quad Helix Appliance
A quad helix is typically issued to young patients with crossbite problems. It helps to make upper and lower teeth fit better and is custom built for each patient.
Separators can be placed between teeth to prepare for braces. Small gaps formed by the separators are used to assist with the placement of molar bands.
A thumb crib is a device consisting of semicircular stainless steel wires fastened to molar bands. The crib is prescribed as a solution to persistent thumb sucking.
A trans-palatal arch is attached to the upper molars and is used to maintain the upper jaw's width or to move molars into positions where wires alone are not sufficient.